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    During the ArcticNet annual cruises of the research icebreaker CCGS Amundsen, characteristics of the near-surface atmosphere are monitored in conjunction with surface sea water properties to observe the relationship between the surface micro-climate and the air-sea exchange , with particular interest in CO2. Central to this integrated dataset is an eddy covariance system used to monitor fluxes of CO2, H2O, heat and momentum. The system continuously sampled the following variables at a rate of 10 Hz (instrument used to collect each variable is in parentheses, and approximate instrument height above surface is indicated): -3D wind velocity (Gill WindMaster Pro ultra-sonic anemometer) - 15m -Sonic air temperature (Gill WindMaster Pro ultra-sonic anemometer) - 15m -CO2 molar concentration (LI7500 open path gas analyzer) - 15m -H2O molar concentration (LI7500 open path gas analyzer) - 15m -CO2 mixing ratio (LI7000 integrated into a closed path system) - 15m -H2O mixing ratio (LI7000 integrated into a closed path system) - 15m -3D ship motion - angular rates and accelerations (MotionPak, Systron Donner) - 13m All instruments were mounted on a meteorological tower on the bow of the research icebreaker CCGS Amundsen.

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    During the ArcticNet annual cruises of the research icebreaker CCGS Amundsen, characteristics of the near-surface atmosphere (basic meteorological elements, incident radiation, CO2 concentration) are monitored in conjunction with surface sea water properties (temperature, salinity, dissolved CO2 and O2) to observe the relationship between the surface micro-climate and the air-sea exchange, with particular interest in CO2. As part of this integrated dataset, the following radiation variables were recorded at 1 minute intervals (instrument used to collect each variable is in parentheses): incoming shortwave radiation (Eppley pyranometer, model PSP); incoming longwave radiation (Eppley pyrgeometer, model PIR); incoming photosynthetically active radiation (Kipp & Zonen, PAR-Lite). All instruments were mounted on a meteorological tower on top of the wheelhouse of the research icebreaker CCGS Amundsen.

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    During the ArcticNet annual cruises of the research icebreaker CCGS Amundsen, characteristics of the near-surface atmosphere (basic meteorological elements, incident radiation, CO2 concentration) are monitored in conjunction with surface sea water properties (temperature, salinity, dissolved CO2 and O2) to observe the relationship between the surface micro-climate and the air-sea exchange, with particular interest in CO2. Central to this integrated dataset, the following meteorological variables were recorded at 1 minute intervals (instrument used to collect each variable is in parentheses, and approximate instrument height above surface is indicated): -Wind speed (RM Young Wind Monitor 05103) - 16m height -Wind direction (RM Young Wind Monitor 05103) -16m height -Air Temperature (Vaisala HMP45C212) - 15m height -Relative Humidity (Vaisala HMP45C212) -15m height -Surface temperature (Apogee SI-111 Precision Infrared radiometer) - 8m height All instruments were mounted on a meteorological tower on the bow of the research icebreaker CCGS Amundsen.

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    During the ArcticNet annual cruises of the research icebreaker CCGS Amundsen, characteristics of the surface sea water (temperature, salinity, dissolved CO2 and O2) are monitored in conjunction with properties of the near-surface atmosphere (basic meteorological elements, incident radiation, CO2 concentration) to observe the relationship between the surface microclimate and the air-sea exchange, with particular interest in CO2. Central to this integrated dataset is an under-way sea water pCO2 system (General Oceanics 8050) attached to the ship's clean water intake. The following variables were measured continuously and logged at 1 minute intervals: -pCO2sw (LI7000 gas analyzer) -Equilibrator water temperature -conductivity -pH -dissolved O2

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    During the ArcticNet annual cruises of the research icebreaker CCGS Amundsen, characteristics of the near-surface atmosphere are monitored in conjunction with surface sea water properties to observe the relationship between the surface micro-climate and the air-sea exchange , with particular interest in CO2. Central to this integrated dataset is an eddy covariance system used to monitor fluxes of CO2, H2O, heat and momentum. The system continuously sampled the following variables at a rate of 10 Hz (instrument used to collect each variable is in parentheses, and approximate instrument height above surface is indicated): -3D wind velocity (Gill WindMaster Pro ultra-sonic anemometer) - 15m -Sonic air temperature (Gill WindMaster Pro ultra-sonic anemometer) - 15m -CO2 molar concentration (LI7500 open path gas analyzer) - 15m -H2O molar concentration (LI7500 open path gas analyzer) - 15m -CO2 mixing ratio (LI7000 integrated into a closed path system) - 15m -H2O mixing ratio (LI7000 integrated into a closed path system) - 15m -3D ship motion - angular rates and accelerations (MotionPak, Systron Donner) - 13m All instruments were mounted on a meteorological tower on the bow of the research icebreaker CCGS Amundsen.

  • During the Synoptic Arctic Survey cruise in the summer of 2021 a variety of different transient tracers were measured. On a continues basis measurements of CFC-12 and SF6 in water samples were caried out. In addition to that water samples for other tracers were collected at 6, so called transient tracer super stations. These other tracers were 39Ar, 14C, noble gases, 129I, 236U and Medusa tracers (HCFC-22. HCFC-141b, HCFC-142b, HFC-134a, HFC-125, PFC-14)

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