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    The Canadian research icebreaker CCGS Amundsen is equipped with an underway ThermoSalinoGraph (TSG) system, which continuously records surface seawater temperature, salinity, fluorescence and sound velocity along the transit route. Quality Assurance/Quality Control (QAQC) data are available for the summer periods between 2005 and 2020, except in 2007, 2008 and 2012 where the system was faulty or the ship was in maintenance. The TSG data were corrected and controlled by comparing them to CTD-Rosette data and in situ measures when available. Outliers and suspicious measurements were removed from the dataset. Variables are provided every 7 minutes. Research programs participating in the Amundsen expeditions between 2005 and 2020 include, ArcticNet, CFL, Geotraces, Malina, IOL and BP, BREA, Weston, Netcare, JAMSTEC, Statoil and iBO, GreenEdge, BAYSYS, Sentinel Nord (BriGHT, BOND), DFO ROV vulnerable marine ecosystem, and the Kitikmeot marine Ecosystem.

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    The Canadian research icebreaker CCGS Amundsen is equipped with BIONESS (Bedford Institute of Oceanography Net and Environmental Sampling System). It is a multiple-net sampler for zooplancton and micronekton (pelagic animals 1-10 cm in length). It uses a design with nets arranged horizontally rather than vertically. An integrated CTD unit is also integrated to the system and allows recording of the sampled water characteristics. This dataset is composed of CTD profiles and specific data for the volume of water going through the nets during their operation. The BIONESS was deployed during the 2005, 2006, 2013, 2014 and 2016 Amundsen scientific expeditions in summer and fall. The Bioness-CTD data were corrected and controlled by comparing them to CTD-Rosette data when available. Outliers and suspicious measurements were removed from the dataset. Variables are provided for every decibar (dbar) between the maximum and minimum pressure recorded for each cast. Research programs participating in the Amundsen expeditions between 2005 and 2016 include ArcticNet, IOL and BP, BREA, Weston, Netcare, JAMSTEC, iBO and GreenEdge. In-situ data belong to and are under the responsibility of the leading Nets scientists while physical and chemical data from the sensors are part of the Amundsen core data collection.

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    The CTD data was obtained during the 2010 ArcticNet scientific cruise #1003b. The data were collected from October 8 to 17, 2010, aboard the CCGS Amundsen. There were 27 casts associated to 18 stations, located in the Northwest Passage. The following parameters were measured: temperature, conductivity and pressure (with a Sea-Bird SBE-9plus), dissolved oxygen (Sea-Bird SBE-43), fluorescence (Seapoint chlorophyll fluorometer), CDOM (Wetlabs FL(RT)D), nitrate concentration (Satlantic MBARI-ISUS 5T), transmittance (Wetlabs C-Star transmissometer), light intensity (PAR; Biospherical Instruments QCP2300) and surface light intensity (sPAR; Biospherical Instruments QCP2200). Quality control procedures were applied to the data. Data are available on the Polar Data Catalogue and at the Marine Environmental Data Service (MEDS) of Fisheries and Oceans Canada.

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    The CTD data was obtained during leg #0603 of the 2006 ArcticNet scientific cruise. The data were collected from September 30 to October 19, 2006, aboard the CCGS Amundsen. There were 70 CTD casts, associated to 33 oceanographic stations, in the Beaufort Sea area. The following parameters were measured: temperature, conductivity and pressure (with a Sea-Bird SBE-9plus), dissolved oxygen (Sea-Bird SBE-43), pH (Sea-Bird SBE-18-I), fluorescence (Seapoint chlorophyll fluorometer), nitrate concentration (Satlantic MBARI-ISUS 5T), transmittance (Wetlabs C-Star transmissiometer), light intensity (PAR; Biospherical Instruments QCP2300) and surface light intensity (sPAR; Biospherical Instruments QCP2200). Quality control procedures were applied to the data. Data are available on the Polar Data Catalogue and at the Marine Environmental Data Service (MEDS) of Fisheries and Oceans Canada.

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    The CTD data was obtained during the 2009 ArcticNet scientific cruise #0903 with the participation of Imperial Oil Ltd. (IOL). The data were collected from September 14 to October 4, 2009, aboard the CCGS Amundsen. There were 31 casts associated to 31 stations, located in the Beaufort Sea area. The following parameters were measured: temperature, conductivity and pressure (with a Sea-Bird SBE-9plus), dissolved oxygen (Sea-Bird SBE-43), fluorescence (Seapoint chlorophyll fluorometer), CDOM (Haardt backscat fluorometer FL(RT)D), nitrate concentration (Satlantic MBARI-ISUS 5T), transmittance (Wetlabs C-Star transmissometer), currents (RDI LADCP), turbidity (UVP 5), light intensity (PAR; Biospherical Instruments QCP2300) and surface light intensity (sPAR; Biospherical Instruments QCP2200). Quality control procedures were applied to the data. Data are available on the Polar Data Catalogue and at the Marine Environmental Data Service (MEDS) of Fisheries and Oceans Canada.

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    The CTD data was obtained during LEG 07 of the 2004 CASES scientific cruise #0404. This Leg was carried out from May 12th 2004 to June 24th 2004 aboard the CCGS Amundsen. There were 131 CTD casts in Leg 7. All of these casts, associated to 45 oceanographic stations, are located in the Beaufort sea research area. The following parameters were measured: temperature, conductivity and pressure (with a Sea-Bird 911 probe), oxygen (Sea-Bird 43), pH (Seabird 18), fluorescence (Seapoint fluorometer), nitrates (Satlantic MBARI ISUS), transmittance (Wetlabs C-Star transmissometer), PAR/Irradiance and SPAR/Irradiance (Biospherical Instruments QC2300). Data were quality controlled. Data are available on the Polar Data Catalogue and at the Marine Environmental Data Service (MEDS) of Fisheries and Ocean Canada.

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    The CTD data was obtained during the 2010 ArcticNet scientific cruise #1003c. The data were collected from October 24 to 27, 2010, aboard the CCGS Amundsen. There were 19 casts associated to 19 stations, located in the Labrador Fjords. The following parameters were measured: temperature, conductivity and pressure (with a Sea-Bird SBE-9plus), dissolved oxygen (Sea-Bird SBE-43), fluorescence (Seapoint chlorophyll fluorometer), CDOM (Wetlabs FL(RT)D), nitrate concentration (Satlantic MBARI-ISUS 5T), transmittance (Wetlabs C-Star transmissometer), light intensity (PAR; Biospherical Instruments QCP2300) and surface light intensity (sPAR; Biospherical Instruments QCP2200). Quality control procedures were applied to the data. Data are available on the Polar Data Catalogue and at the Marine Environmental Data Service (MEDS) of Fisheries and Oceans Canada.

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    The CTD data was obtained during the 2013 ArcticNet scientific cruise #1304. The data were collected from July 27 to September 2, 2013, aboard the CCGS Amundsen. There were 115 casts associated to 59 stations, located in Baffin Bay and Northwest Passage. The following parameters were measured: temperature, conductivity and pressure (with a Sea-Bird SBE-9plus), dissolved oxygen (Sea-Bird SBE-43), fluorescence (Seapoint chlorophyll fluorometer), CDOM (Wetlabs FL(RT)D), nitrate concentration (Satlantic MBARI-ISUS 5T), transmittance (Wetlabs C-Star transmissometer), light intensity (PAR; LI-COR Biosciences) and surface light intensity (sPAR; LI-COR Biosciences). Quality control procedures were applied to the data. Data are available on the Polar Data Catalogue and at the Marine Environmental Data Service (MEDS) of Fisheries and Oceans Canada.

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    The CTD data was obtained during the 2009 Geotraces scientific cruise #0903 as part of the ArcticNet program. The data were collected from August 30 to September 10, 2009, aboard the CCGS Amundsen. There were 45 casts associated to 8 stations, located in the Beaufort Sea area. The following parameters were measured: temperature, conductivity and pressure (with a Sea-Bird SBE-9plus), dissolved oxygen (Sea-Bird SBE-43), fluorescence (Seapoint chlorophyll fluorometer), CDOM (Haardt backscat fluorometer FL(RT)D), nitrate concentration (Satlantic MBARI-ISUS 5T), transmittance (Wetlabs C-Star transmissometer), currents (RDI LADCP), turbidity (UVP 5), light intensity (PAR; Biospherical Instruments QCP2300) and surface light intensity (sPAR; Biospherical Instruments QCP2200). Quality control procedures were applied to the data. Data are available on the Polar Data Catalogue and at the Marine Environmental Data Service (MEDS) of Fisheries and Oceans Canada.

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    The CTD data was obtained during the 2007-2008 ArcticNet scientific cruise #0704. The data were collected from August 5 to 16, 2007, aboard the CCGS Amundsen. There were 20 casts, associated to 17 oceanographic stations, in the Hudson Bay. The following parameters were measured: temperature, conductivity and pressure (with a Sea-Bird SBE-9plus), dissolved oxygen (Sea-Bird SBE-43), pH (Sea-Bird SBE-18-I), fluorescence (Seapoint chlorophyll fluorometer), nitrate concentration (Satlantic MBARI-ISUS 5T), transmittance (Wetlabs C-Star transmissometer), light intensity (PAR; Biospherical Instruments QCP2300) and surface light intensity (sPAR; Biospherical Instruments QCP2200). Quality control procedures were applied to the data. Data are available on the Polar Data Catalogue and at the Marine Environmental Data Service (MEDS) of Fisheries and Oceans Canada.