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    The Canadian research icebreaker CCGS Amundsen is equipped with an underway ThermoSalinoGraph (TSG) system, which continuously records surface seawater temperature, salinity, fluorescence and sound velocity along the transit route. Quality Assurance/Quality Control (QAQC) data are available for the summer periods between 2005 and 2020, except in 2007, 2008 and 2012 where the system was faulty or the ship was in maintenance. The TSG data were corrected and controlled by comparing them to CTD-Rosette data and in situ measures when available. Outliers and suspicious measurements were removed from the dataset. Variables are provided every 7 minutes. Research programs participating in the Amundsen expeditions between 2005 and 2020 include, ArcticNet, CFL, Geotraces, Malina, IOL and BP, BREA, Weston, Netcare, JAMSTEC, Statoil and iBO, GreenEdge, BAYSYS, Sentinel Nord (BriGHT, BOND), DFO ROV vulnerable marine ecosystem, and the Kitikmeot marine Ecosystem.

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    The Canadian research icebreaker CCGS Amundsen is equipped with BIONESS (Bedford Institute of Oceanography Net and Environmental Sampling System). It is a multiple-net sampler for zooplancton and micronekton (pelagic animals 1-10 cm in length). It uses a design with nets arranged horizontally rather than vertically. An integrated CTD unit is also integrated to the system and allows recording of the sampled water characteristics. This dataset is composed of CTD profiles and specific data for the volume of water going through the nets during their operation. The BIONESS was deployed during the 2005, 2006, 2013, 2014 and 2016 Amundsen scientific expeditions in summer and fall. The Bioness-CTD data were corrected and controlled by comparing them to CTD-Rosette data when available. Outliers and suspicious measurements were removed from the dataset. Variables are provided for every decibar (dbar) between the maximum and minimum pressure recorded for each cast. Research programs participating in the Amundsen expeditions between 2005 and 2016 include ArcticNet, IOL and BP, BREA, Weston, Netcare, JAMSTEC, iBO and GreenEdge. In-situ data belong to and are under the responsibility of the leading Nets scientists while physical and chemical data from the sensors are part of the Amundsen core data collection.

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    The CTD data was obtained during LEG 01 of the 2003 CASES scientific cruise #0303. This Leg was carried out from September 8th 2003 to October 15th 2003 aboard the CCGS Amundsen. There were 37 CTD casts in Leg 1. Thirty-six casts, associated to 16 oceanographic stations, are located in the Beaufort Sea research area. The following parameters were measured: temperature, conductivity and pressure (with a Sea-Bird 911 probe), oxygen (Sea-Bird 43), fluorescence (Seapoint fluorometer), transmittance (Wetlabs C-Star transmissometer), PAR/Irradiance and SPAR/Irradiance (Biospherical Instruments QC2300). Data were quality controlled. Data are available on the Polar Data Catalogue and at the Marine Environmental Data Service (MEDS) of Fisheries and Ocean Canada.

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    The CTD data was obtained during the 2010 ArcticNet scientific cruise #1003b. The data were collected from October 8 to 17, 2010, aboard the CCGS Amundsen. There were 27 casts associated to 18 stations, located in the Northwest Passage. The following parameters were measured: temperature, conductivity and pressure (with a Sea-Bird SBE-9plus), dissolved oxygen (Sea-Bird SBE-43), fluorescence (Seapoint chlorophyll fluorometer), CDOM (Wetlabs FL(RT)D), nitrate concentration (Satlantic MBARI-ISUS 5T), transmittance (Wetlabs C-Star transmissometer), light intensity (PAR; Biospherical Instruments QCP2300) and surface light intensity (sPAR; Biospherical Instruments QCP2200). Quality control procedures were applied to the data. Data are available on the Polar Data Catalogue and at the Marine Environmental Data Service (MEDS) of Fisheries and Oceans Canada.

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    ArcticNet and IMG-Golder established southern and eastern Beaufort Sea Marine Observatories in 2011. The first pair of moorings (BRA and BRB) is in the southern Beaufort Sea, roughly 100 nautical miles northwest of Tuktoyaktuk. These deployments aimed at maintaining the existing ArcticNet time series initiated in 2009 in collaboration with Imperial Oil and BP. The second observatory, also deployed in 2011, consisted of two moorings (BR1 and BR2) north of the Mackenzie Trough at the western limit of the Beaufort Sea. Another pair of moorings BRG and BRK, launched in 2012 and 2014, are located off the northwest coast of Banks Island, starting a time series in the northeastern Beaufort Sea where year-round measurements have never been obtained before. Finally, two new moorings (BR3 and BR4) were also deployed at the end of the program in 2014 near BR2 and BRG respectively. For every year of deployment, each mooring line was equipped with various oceanographic instruments attached at different depths from approximately 150 m to 750 m. Moored instruments included conductivity-temperature sensors, ice profiling sonars, particle analyzers, current meters, current profilers, and sediment traps. Datasets include currents, ice draft and velocities, water levels, temperature, salinity and turbidity, chlorophyll, suspended particulate size and concentration, and vertical carbon flux; See CCIN10476 for Vertical flux data on Phyto and Zooplankton as well as on chemical parameters such as POC. Data are quality assessed/quality controlled (QA/QC) following the Climate and Forecast (CF http://cfconventions.org/) conventions and building upon the open-source Integrated Marine Observatory System (IMOS) toolbox developed for Matlab© by the Australian Ocean Data Network (AODN). The five moorings provided ready to use quality data for the period 2011-2015. BRG and BR1 time series were extended along with two moorings BR3 and BRK until 2018 during the iBO project (CCIN 13107).

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    The CTD data was obtained during LEG 08 of the 2004 CASES scientific cruise #0405. This Leg was carried out from June 25th 2004 to August 5th 2004 aboard the CCGS Amundsen. There were 134 CTD casts in Leg 8. All of these casts, associated to 57 oceanographic stations, are located in the Beaufort sea research area. The following parameters were measured: temperature, conductivity and pressure (with a Sea-Bird 911 probe), oxygen (Sea-Bird 43), pH (Seabird 18), fluorescence (Seapoint fluorometer), nitrates (Satlantic MBARI ISUS), transmittance (Wetlabs C-Star transmissometer), PAR/Irradiance and SPAR/Irradiance (Biospherical Instruments QC2300). Data were quality controlled. Data are available on the Polar Data Catalogue and at the Marine Environmental Data Service (MEDS) of Fisheries and Ocean Canada.

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    The CTD data was obtained during LEG 09 of the 2004 CASES scientific cruise #0406. This Leg was carried out from August 5th 2004 to August 26th 2004 aboard the CCGS Amundsen. There were 24 CTD casts in Leg 9. Twenty casts, associated to 5 oceanographic stations, are located in the Beaufort sea research area. The following parameters were measured: temperature, conductivity and pressure (with a Sea-Bird 911 probe), oxygen (Sea-Bird 43), pH (Seabird 18), fluorescence (Seapoint fluorometer), nitrates (Satlantic MBARI ISUS), transmittance (Wetlabs C-Star transmissometer), PAR/Irradiance and SPAR/Irradiance (Biospherical Instruments QC2300). Data were quality controlled. Data are available on the Polar Data Catalogue and at the Marine Environmental Data Service (MEDS) of Fisheries and Ocean Canada.

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    The CTD data was obtained during LEG 05 of the 2004 CASES scientific cruise #0402. This Leg was carried out from February 18th 2004 to March 30th 2004 aboard the CCGS Amundsen. There were 90 CTD casts in Leg 5. All of these casts, associated to the overwintering oceanographic station, are located in Beaufort Sea research area. The following parameters were measured: temperature, conductivity and pressure (with a Sea-Bird 911 probe), oxygen (Sea-Bird 43), pH (Seabird 18), fluorescence (Seapoint fluorometer), nitrates (Satlantic MBARI ISUS), transmittance (Wetlabs C-Star transmissometer), PAR/Irradiance and SPAR/Irradiance (Biospherical Instruments QC2300). Data were quality controlled. Data are available on the Polar Data Catalogue and at the Marine Environmental Data Service (MEDS) of Fisheries and Ocean Canada.

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    The CTD data was obtained during the 2007-2008 scientific cruise #0804 within the framework of the Circumpolar Flaw Lead Study (CFL). This program included a year round sampling expedition to study the air-sea interactions occurring in the ice-free sections of the southern Beaufort Sea and Amundsen Gulf. The data were collected from June 7 to July 13, 2008, aboard the CCGS Amundsen. There were 180 CTD casts, associated to 69 stations (including ice-drifts), located in the Beaufort Sea research area. The following parameters were measured: temperature, conductivity and pressure (with a Sea-Bird SBE-9plus), dissolved oxygen (Sea-Bird SBE-43), pH (Sea-Bird SBE-18-I), fluorescence (Seapoint chlorophyll fluorometer), nitrate concentration (Satlantic MBARI-ISUS 5T), transmittance (Wetlabs C-Star transmissometer), light intensity (PAR; Biospherical Instruments QCP2300) and surface light intensity (sPAR; Biospherical Instruments QCP2200). Quality control procedures were applied to the data. Data are available on the Polar Data Catalogue and at the Marine Environmental Data Service (MEDS) of Fisheries and Oceans Canada.

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    The CTD data was obtained during the 2009 ArcticNet scientific cruise #0904a. The data were collected from October 9 to November 2, 2009, aboard the CCGS Amundsen. There were 65 casts associated to 35 stations, located in the Canadian Arctic. The following parameters were measured: temperature, conductivity and pressure (with a Sea-Bird SBE-9plus), dissolved oxygen (Sea-Bird SBE-43), fluorescence (Seapoint chlorophyll fluorometer), CDOM (Haardt backscat fluorometer FL(RT)D), nitrate concentration (Satlantic MBARI-ISUS 5T), transmittance (Wetlabs C-Star transmissometer), currents (RDI LADCP), turbidity (UVP 5), light intensity (PAR; Biospherical Instruments QCP2300) and surface light intensity (sPAR; Biospherical Instruments QCP2200). Quality control procedures were applied to the data. Data are available on the Polar Data Catalogue and at the Marine Environmental Data Service (MEDS) of Fisheries and Oceans Canada.