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    The navigation data of the Amundsen scientific expeditions between 2003 and 2019 were recorded with the Position and Orientation Systems for Marine Vessels (POS-MV) and C-Nav Differential Global Navigation Satellite System (DGNSS) Precise Point Positioning systems. Two sets of controlled data are provided for each year of expedition. The first set is at time intervals of seconds for every day of the cruise and the second set is at 15 minute intervals. The data consist of Latitude, Longitude, Heading, Roll, Pitch, Heave, Track, Speed and Global Positioning System (GPS) sources at the second time intervals. The vessel's tracks in .kml (Google Earth format) were derived from the 15 minute time intervals dataset and are also provided. Research programs participating in the Amundsen expeditions between 2003 and 2017 were CASES, ArcticNet, IPY-CFL, Solas, Geotraces, Malina, IOL and BP, Jamstec, Netcare, Weston, BREA, iBO and GreenEdge.

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    The data set is composed of raw files recorded with the Kongsberg Maritime SX90 long-range, low frequency (20-30 kHz) fisheries sonar during the CCGS Amundsen 2013 summer expedition in the Eastern Canadian Arctic. The sonar transducer is lowered 2.5 feet below the hull through a gate-valve. The cylindrical 256-elements transducer allows both a horizontal and a vertical sound transmission, and the omni-directional (horizontal) sonar beam can be tilted from +10 to -60 degrees to scan a large portion of the water column. The raw acoustic data were saved onto an external drive and print screens of interesting targets (fish schools) were recorded.

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    The CTD data was obtained during the 2007-2008 ArcticNet scientific cruise #0806. The data were collected from September 5 to 25, 2008, aboard the CCGS Amundsen. There were 83 casts, associated to 44 oceanographic stations, in the Baffin Bay area. The following parameters were measured: temperature, conductivity and pressure (with a Sea-Bird SBE-9plus), dissolved oxygen (Sea-Bird SBE-43), pH (Sea-Bird SBE-18-I), fluorescence (Seapoint chlorophyll fluorometer), nitrate concentration (Satlantic MBARI-ISUS 5T), transmittance (Wetlabs C-Star transmissometer), light intensity (PAR; Biospherical Instruments QCP2300) and surface light intensity (sPAR; Biospherical Instruments QCP2200). Quality control procedures were applied to the data. Data are available on the Polar Data Catalogue and at the Marine Environmental Data Service (MEDS) of Fisheries and Oceans Canada.

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    Data were mainly collected from the CCGS Amundsen (2015 to 2019) and from the William-Kennedy (2019). An Agassiz trawl (1.5 m width × 0.7 m height, cod end of 0.5 cm mesh size) was towed on the seabed at a speed of 1.5-2 knots for 3 to 5 minutes to survey epibenthic species diversity, abundance, and biomass. Retrieved samples were washed with seawater in a sieve (2 mm mesh), and organisms were sorted and identified to the lowest taxonomical level possible. Each taxon was counted, and biomass was measured. A box corer was deployed to quantitatively sample diversity, abundance, and biomass of endobenthic organisms (macrobenthos > 0.5 mm). After retrieval of the box corer, a subsample of 0.125 m2 area and 12-15 cm depth was collected and passed through a 0.5 mm mesh sieve to separate sediment from endofauna. Organisms were immediately preserved in a 4% buffered formaldehyde solution for further taxonomical identification in the laboratory.

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    During the ArcticNet annual cruises of the research icebreaker CCGS Amundsen, characteristics of the near-surface atmosphere (basic meteorological elements, incident radiation, CO2 concentration) are monitored in conjunction with surface sea water properties (temperature, salinity, dissolved CO2 and O2) to observe the relationship between the surface micro-climate and the air-sea exchange, with particular interest in CO2. Central to this integrated dataset, the following meteorological variables were recorded at 1 minute intervals (instrument used to collect each variable is in parentheses, and approximate instrument height above surface is indicated): wind speed (RM Young Wind Monitor 05106-10) - 16m height; wind direction (RM Young Wind Monitor 05106-10) -16m height; air temperature (Vaisala HMP45C212) - 15m height; relative humidity (Vaisala HMP45C212) -15m height; and, surface temperature (Apogee IR Transducer SI-111) - 8m height, atmospheric pressure. All instruments were mounted on a meteorological tower on the bow of the research icebreaker CCGS Amundsen.

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    During the ArcticNet annual cruises of the research icebreaker CCGS Amundsen, characteristics of the near-surface atmosphere (basic meteorological elements, incident radiation) are monitored. Central to this integrated dataset, the following meteorological variables were recorded at 1 minute intervals (instrument used to collect each variable is in parentheses, and approximate instrument height above surface is indicated): wind speed (RM Young Wind Monitor 05106-10) - 16m height; wind direction (RM Young Wind Monitor 05106-10) -16m height; air temperature (Vaisala HMP45C) - 15m height; relative humidity (Vaisala HMP45C) -15m height; and, surface temperature (Apogee IR Transducer SI-111) - 8m height, atmospheric pressure. All instruments were mounted on a meteorological tower on the bow of the research icebreaker CCGS Amundsen, except for the IR transducer SI-111, which was mounted on top of the gunwale at the ship's bow, overlooking the water surface.

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    During the ArcticNet annual cruises of the research icebreaker CCGS Amundsen, characteristics of the near-surface atmosphere (basic meteorological elements, incident radiation, CO2 concentration) are monitored in conjunction with surface sea water properties (temperature, salinity, dissolved CO2 and O2) to observe the relationship between the surface micro-climate and the air-sea exchange, with particular interest in CO2. As part of this integrated dataset, the following radiation variables were recorded at 1 minute intervals (instrument used to collect each variable is in parentheses): -Incoming shortwave radiation (Eppley pyranometer, model PSP) -Incoming longwave radiation (Eppley pyrgeometer, model PIR) -Incoming photosynthetically active radiation (Kipp & Zonen, PAR-Lite) -Incoming UV-A radiation (Kipp & Zonen UVS-AB-T) -Incoming UV-B radiation (Kipp & Zonen UVS-AB-T) All instruments were mounted on a platform above the wheelhouse of the CCGS Amundsen

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    During the ArcticNet annual cruises of the research icebreaker CCGS Amundsen, characteristics of the near-surface atmosphere are monitored in conjunction with surface sea water properties to observe the relationship between the surface micro-climate and the air-sea exchange , with particular interest in CO2. Central to this integrated dataset is an eddy covariance system used to monitor fluxes of CO2, H2O, heat and momentum. The system continuously sampled the following variables at a rate of 10 Hz (instrument used to collect each variable is in parentheses, and approximate instrument height above surface is indicated): -3D wind velocity (Gill WindMaster Pro ultra-sonic anemometer) - 15m -Sonic air temperature (Gill WindMaster Pro ultra-sonic anemometer) - 15m -CO2 molar concentration (LI7500 open path gas analyzer) - 15m -H2O molar concentration (LI7500 open path gas analyzer) - 15m -CO2 mixing ratio (LI7000 integrated into a closed path system) - 15m -H2O mixing ratio (LI7000 integrated into a closed path system) - 15m -3D ship motion - angular rates and accelerations (MotionPak, Systron Donner) - 13m All instruments were mounted on a meteorological tower on the bow of the research icebreaker CCGS Amundsen.

  • Categories  

    During the ArcticNet annual cruises of the research icebreaker CCGS Amundsen, characteristics of the near-surface atmosphere (basic meteorological elements, incident radiation, CO2 concentration) are monitored in conjunction with surface sea water properties (temperature, salinity, dissolved CO2 and O2) to observe the relationship between the surface micro-climate and the air-sea exchange, with particular interest in CO2. Central to this integrated dataset, the following meteorological variables were recorded at 1 minute intervals (instrument used to collect each variable is in parentheses, and approximate instrument height above surface is indicated): wind speed (RM Young Wind Monitor 05103) - 16m height; wind direction (RM Young Wind Monitor 05103) -16m height; air temperature (Vaisala HMP45C212) - 15m height; relative humidity (Vaisala HMP45C212) -15m height; and, surface temperature (Everest IR Transducer, 4000.44ZL) - 8m height. All instruments were mounted on a meteorological tower on the bow of the research icebreaker CCGS Amundsen.

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    During the ArcticNet annual cruises of the research icebreaker CCGS Amundsen, characteristics of the near-surface atmosphere are monitored in conjunction with surface sea water properties to observe the relationship between the surface micro-climate and the air-sea exchange , with particular interest in CO2. Central to this integrated dataset is an eddy covariance system used to monitor fluxes of CO2, H2O, heat and momentum. The system continuously sampled the following variables at a rate of 10 Hz (instrument used to collect each variable is in parentheses, and approximate instrument height above surface is indicated): -3D wind velocity (Gill R3 and Gill Windmaster Pro ultra-sonic anemometer) - 15m -Sonic air temperature (Gill R3 and Gill Windmaster Pro ultra-sonic anemometer) - 15m -CO2 molar concentration (LI7500 open path gas analyzer) - 15m -H2O molar concentration (LI7500 open path gas analyzer) - 15m -CO2 mixing ratio (LI7000 integrated into a closed path system) - 15m -H2O mixing ratio (LI7000 integrated into a closed path system) - 15m -3D ship motion - angular rates and accelerations (MotionPak, Systron Donner) - 13m All instruments were mounted on a meteorological tower on the bow of the research icebreaker CCGS Amundsen.